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sha1.c

/*
 * sha1.c
 *
 * an implementation of the Secure Hash Algorithm v.1 (SHA-1),
 * specified in FIPS 180-1
 *
 * David A. McGrew
 * Cisco Systems, Inc.
 */

/*
 *    
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2005, Cisco Systems, Inc.
 * All rights reserved.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 
 *   Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 
 *   Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
 *   copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *   disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
 *   with the distribution.
 * 
 *   Neither the name of the Cisco Systems, Inc. nor the names of its
 *   contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *   from this software without specific prior written permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
 * INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
 * (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
 * SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 */


#include "sha1.h"

debug_module_t mod_sha1 = {
  0,                 /* debugging is off by default */
  "sha-1"            /* printable module name       */
};

/* SN == Rotate left N bits */
#define S1(X)  ((X << 1)  | (X >> 31))
#define S5(X)  ((X << 5)  | (X >> 27))
#define S30(X) ((X << 30) | (X >> 2))

#define f0(B,C,D) ((B & C) | (~B & D))              
#define f1(B,C,D) (B ^ C ^ D)
#define f2(B,C,D) ((B & C) | (B & D) | (C & D))
#define f3(B,C,D) (B ^ C ^ D)

/* 
 * nota bene: the variable K0 appears in the curses library, so we 
 * give longer names to these variables to avoid spurious warnings 
 * on systems that uses curses
 */

uint32_t SHA_K0 = 0x5A827999;   /* Kt for 0  <= t <= 19 */
uint32_t SHA_K1 = 0x6ED9EBA1;   /* Kt for 20 <= t <= 39 */
uint32_t SHA_K2 = 0x8F1BBCDC;   /* Kt for 40 <= t <= 59 */
uint32_t SHA_K3 = 0xCA62C1D6;   /* Kt for 60 <= t <= 79 */

void
sha1(const uint8_t *msg,  int octets_in_msg, uint32_t hash_value[5]) {
  sha1_ctx_t ctx;

  sha1_init(&ctx);
  sha1_update(&ctx, msg, octets_in_msg);
  sha1_final(&ctx, hash_value);

}

/*
 *  sha1_core(M, H) computes the core compression function, where M is
 *  the next part of the message (in network byte order) and H is the
 *  intermediate state { H0, H1, ...} (in host byte order)
 *
 *  this function does not do any of the padding required in the
 *  complete SHA1 function
 *
 *  this function is used in the SEAL 3.0 key setup routines
 *  (crypto/cipher/seal.c)
 */

void
sha1_core(const uint32_t M[16], uint32_t hash_value[5]) {
  uint32_t H0;
  uint32_t H1;
  uint32_t H2;
  uint32_t H3;
  uint32_t H4;
  uint32_t W[80];
  uint32_t A, B, C, D, E, TEMP;
  int t;

  /* copy hash_value into H0, H1, H2, H3, H4 */
  H0 = hash_value[0];
  H1 = hash_value[1];
  H2 = hash_value[2];
  H3 = hash_value[3];
  H4 = hash_value[4];

  /* copy/xor message into array */
    
  W[0]  = be32_to_cpu(M[0]);
  W[1]  = be32_to_cpu(M[1]);
  W[2]  = be32_to_cpu(M[2]);
  W[3]  = be32_to_cpu(M[3]);
  W[4]  = be32_to_cpu(M[4]);
  W[5]  = be32_to_cpu(M[5]);
  W[6]  = be32_to_cpu(M[6]);
  W[7]  = be32_to_cpu(M[7]);
  W[8]  = be32_to_cpu(M[8]);
  W[9]  = be32_to_cpu(M[9]);
  W[10] = be32_to_cpu(M[10]);
  W[11] = be32_to_cpu(M[11]);
  W[12] = be32_to_cpu(M[12]);
  W[13] = be32_to_cpu(M[13]);
  W[14] = be32_to_cpu(M[14]);
  W[15] = be32_to_cpu(M[15]);
  TEMP = W[13] ^ W[8]  ^ W[2]  ^ W[0];  W[16] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[14] ^ W[9]  ^ W[3]  ^ W[1];  W[17] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[15] ^ W[10] ^ W[4]  ^ W[2];  W[18] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[16] ^ W[11] ^ W[5]  ^ W[3];  W[19] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[17] ^ W[12] ^ W[6]  ^ W[4];  W[20] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[18] ^ W[13] ^ W[7]  ^ W[5];  W[21] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[19] ^ W[14] ^ W[8]  ^ W[6];  W[22] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[20] ^ W[15] ^ W[9]  ^ W[7];  W[23] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[21] ^ W[16] ^ W[10] ^ W[8];  W[24] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[22] ^ W[17] ^ W[11] ^ W[9];  W[25] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[23] ^ W[18] ^ W[12] ^ W[10]; W[26] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[24] ^ W[19] ^ W[13] ^ W[11]; W[27] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[25] ^ W[20] ^ W[14] ^ W[12]; W[28] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[26] ^ W[21] ^ W[15] ^ W[13]; W[29] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[27] ^ W[22] ^ W[16] ^ W[14]; W[30] = S1(TEMP);
  TEMP = W[28] ^ W[23] ^ W[17] ^ W[15]; W[31] = S1(TEMP);

  /* process the remainder of the array */
  for (t=32; t < 80; t++) {
    TEMP = W[t-3] ^ W[t-8] ^ W[t-14] ^ W[t-16];
    W[t] = S1(TEMP);      
  }

  A = H0; B = H1; C = H2; D = H3; E = H4;

  for (t=0; t < 20; t++) {
    TEMP = S5(A) + f0(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K0;
    E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
  }
  for (   ; t < 40; t++) {
    TEMP = S5(A) + f1(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K1;
    E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
  }
  for (   ; t < 60; t++) {
    TEMP = S5(A) + f2(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K2;
    E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
  }
  for (   ; t < 80; t++) {
    TEMP = S5(A) + f3(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K3;
    E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
  }

  hash_value[0] = H0 + A;
  hash_value[1] = H1 + B;
  hash_value[2] = H2 + C;
  hash_value[3] = H3 + D;
  hash_value[4] = H4 + E;

  return;
}

void
sha1_init(sha1_ctx_t *ctx) {
 
  /* initialize state vector */
  ctx->H[0] = 0x67452301;
  ctx->H[1] = 0xefcdab89;
  ctx->H[2] = 0x98badcfe;
  ctx->H[3] = 0x10325476;
  ctx->H[4] = 0xc3d2e1f0;

  /* indicate that message buffer is empty */
  ctx->octets_in_buffer = 0;

  /* reset message bit-count to zero */
  ctx->num_bits_in_msg = 0;

}

void
sha1_update(sha1_ctx_t *ctx, const uint8_t *msg, int octets_in_msg) {
  int i;
  uint8_t *buf = (uint8_t *)ctx->M;

  /* update message bit-count */
  ctx->num_bits_in_msg += octets_in_msg * 8;

  /* loop over 16-word blocks of M */
  while (octets_in_msg > 0) {
    
    if (octets_in_msg + ctx->octets_in_buffer >= 64) {

      /* 
       * copy words of M into msg buffer until that buffer is full,
       * converting them into host byte order as needed
       */
      octets_in_msg -= (64 - ctx->octets_in_buffer);
      for (i=ctx->octets_in_buffer; i < 64; i++) 
      buf[i] = *msg++;
      ctx->octets_in_buffer = 0;

      /* process a whole block */

      debug_print(mod_sha1, "(update) running sha1_core()", NULL);

      sha1_core(ctx->M, ctx->H);

    } else {

      debug_print(mod_sha1, "(update) not running sha1_core()", NULL);

      for (i=ctx->octets_in_buffer; 
         i < (ctx->octets_in_buffer + octets_in_msg); i++)
      buf[i] = *msg++;
      ctx->octets_in_buffer += octets_in_msg;
      octets_in_msg = 0;
    }

  }

}

/*
 * sha1_final(ctx, output) computes the result for ctx and copies it
 * into the twenty octets located at *output
 */

void
sha1_final(sha1_ctx_t *ctx, uint32_t *output) {
  uint32_t A, B, C, D, E, TEMP;
  uint32_t W[80];  
  int i, t;

  /*
   * process the remaining octets_in_buffer, padding and terminating as
   * necessary
   */
  {
    int tail = ctx->octets_in_buffer % 4;
    
    /* copy/xor message into array */
    for (i=0; i < (ctx->octets_in_buffer+3)/4; i++) 
      W[i]  = be32_to_cpu(ctx->M[i]);

    /* set the high bit of the octet immediately following the message */
    switch (tail) {
    case (3):
      W[i-1] = (be32_to_cpu(ctx->M[i-1]) & 0xffffff00) | 0x80;
      W[i] = 0x0;
      break;
    case (2):      
      W[i-1] = (be32_to_cpu(ctx->M[i-1]) & 0xffff0000) | 0x8000;
      W[i] = 0x0;
      break;
    case (1):
      W[i-1] = (be32_to_cpu(ctx->M[i-1]) & 0xff000000) | 0x800000;
      W[i] = 0x0;
      break;
    case (0):
      W[i] = 0x80000000;
      break;
    }
    
    /* zeroize remaining words */
    for (i++   ; i < 15; i++)
      W[i] = 0x0;

    /* 
     * if there is room at the end of the word array, then set the
     * last word to the bit-length of the message; otherwise, set that
     * word to zero and then we need to do one more run of the
     * compression algo.
     */
    if (ctx->octets_in_buffer < 56) 
      W[15] = ctx->num_bits_in_msg;
    else if (ctx->octets_in_buffer < 60)
      W[15] = 0x0;

    /* process the word array */    for (t=16; t < 80; t++) {
      TEMP = W[t-3] ^ W[t-8] ^ W[t-14] ^ W[t-16];
      W[t] = S1(TEMP);
    }

    A = ctx->H[0]; 
    B = ctx->H[1]; 
    C = ctx->H[2]; 
    D = ctx->H[3]; 
    E = ctx->H[4];

    for (t=0; t < 20; t++) {
      TEMP = S5(A) + f0(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K0;
      E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
    }
    for (   ; t < 40; t++) {
      TEMP = S5(A) + f1(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K1;
      E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
    }
    for (   ; t < 60; t++) {
      TEMP = S5(A) + f2(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K2;
      E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
    }
    for (   ; t < 80; t++) {
      TEMP = S5(A) + f3(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K3;
      E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
    }

    ctx->H[0] += A;
    ctx->H[1] += B;
    ctx->H[2] += C;
    ctx->H[3] += D;
    ctx->H[4] += E;

  }

  debug_print(mod_sha1, "(final) running sha1_core()", NULL);

  if (ctx->octets_in_buffer >= 56) {

    debug_print(mod_sha1, "(final) running sha1_core() again", NULL);

    /* we need to do one final run of the compression algo */

    /* 
     * set initial part of word array to zeros, and set the 
     * final part to the number of bits in the message
     */
    for (i=0; i < 15; i++)
      W[i] = 0x0;
    W[15] = ctx->num_bits_in_msg;

    /* process the word array */
    for (t=16; t < 80; t++) {
      TEMP = W[t-3] ^ W[t-8] ^ W[t-14] ^ W[t-16];
      W[t] = S1(TEMP);
    }

    A = ctx->H[0]; 
    B = ctx->H[1]; 
    C = ctx->H[2]; 
    D = ctx->H[3]; 
    E = ctx->H[4];

    for (t=0; t < 20; t++) {
      TEMP = S5(A) + f0(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K0;
      E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
    }
    for (   ; t < 40; t++) {
      TEMP = S5(A) + f1(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K1;
      E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
    }
    for (   ; t < 60; t++) {
      TEMP = S5(A) + f2(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K2;
      E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
    }
    for (   ; t < 80; t++) {
      TEMP = S5(A) + f3(B,C,D) + E + W[t] + SHA_K3;
      E = D; D = C; C = S30(B); B = A; A = TEMP;
    }

    ctx->H[0] += A;
    ctx->H[1] += B;
    ctx->H[2] += C;
    ctx->H[3] += D;
    ctx->H[4] += E;
  }

  /* copy result into output buffer */
  output[0] = be32_to_cpu(ctx->H[0]);
  output[1] = be32_to_cpu(ctx->H[1]);
  output[2] = be32_to_cpu(ctx->H[2]);
  output[3] = be32_to_cpu(ctx->H[3]);
  output[4] = be32_to_cpu(ctx->H[4]);

  /* indicate that message buffer in context is empty */
  ctx->octets_in_buffer = 0;

  return;
}




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