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srtp.c

/*
 * srtp.c
 *
 * the secure real-time transport protocol
 *
 * David A. McGrew
 * Cisco Systems, Inc.
 */
/*
 *    
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2005, Cisco Systems, Inc.
 * All rights reserved.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 
 *   Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 
 *   Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
 *   copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *   disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
 *   with the distribution.
 * 
 *   Neither the name of the Cisco Systems, Inc. nor the names of its
 *   contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *   from this software without specific prior written permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
 * INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
 * (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
 * SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 */


#include "srtp.h"
#include "aes_icm.h"         /* aes_icm is used in the KDF  */
#include "alloc.h"           /* for crypto_alloc()          */

#ifndef SRTP_KERNEL
# include <limits.h>
# ifdef HAVE_NETINET_IN_H
#  include <netinet/in.h>
# elif defined(HAVE_WINSOCK2_H)
#  include <winsock2.h>
# endif
#endif /* ! SRTP_KERNEL */


extern cipher_type_t aes_icm;
extern auth_type_t   tmmhv2;

/* the debug module for srtp */

debug_module_t mod_srtp = {
  0,                  /* debugging is off by default */
  "srtp"              /* printable name for module   */
};

#define octets_in_rtp_header   12
#define uint32s_in_rtp_header  3
#define octets_in_rtcp_header  8
#define uint32s_in_rtcp_header 2


err_status_t
srtp_stream_alloc(srtp_stream_ctx_t **str_ptr,
              const srtp_policy_t *p) {
  srtp_stream_ctx_t *str;
  err_status_t stat;

  /*
   * This function allocates the stream context, rtp and rtcp ciphers
   * and auth functions, and key limit structure.  If there is a
   * failure during allocation, we free all previously allocated
   * memory and return a failure code.  The code could probably 
   * be improved, but it works and should be clear.
   */

  /* allocate srtp stream and set str_ptr */
  str = (srtp_stream_ctx_t *) crypto_alloc(sizeof(srtp_stream_ctx_t));
  if (str == NULL)
    return err_status_alloc_fail;
  *str_ptr = str;  
  
  /* allocate cipher */
  stat = crypto_kernel_alloc_cipher(p->rtp.cipher_type, 
                            &str->rtp_cipher, 
                            p->rtp.cipher_key_len); 
  if (stat) {
    crypto_free(str);
    return stat;
  }

  /* allocate auth function */
  stat = crypto_kernel_alloc_auth(p->rtp.auth_type, 
                          &str->rtp_auth,
                          p->rtp.auth_key_len, 
                          p->rtp.auth_tag_len); 
  if (stat) {
    cipher_dealloc(str->rtp_cipher);
    crypto_free(str);
    return stat;
  }
  
  /* allocate key limit structure */
  str->limit = crypto_alloc(sizeof(key_limit_ctx_t));
  if (str->limit == NULL) {
    auth_dealloc(str->rtp_auth);
    cipher_dealloc(str->rtp_cipher);
    crypto_free(str); 
    return err_status_alloc_fail;
  }

  /*
   * ...and now the RTCP-specific initialization - first, allocate
   * the cipher 
   */
  stat = crypto_kernel_alloc_cipher(p->rtcp.cipher_type, 
                            &str->rtcp_cipher, 
                            p->rtcp.cipher_key_len); 
  if (stat) {
    auth_dealloc(str->rtp_auth);
    cipher_dealloc(str->rtp_cipher);
    crypto_free(str->limit);
    crypto_free(str);
    return stat;
  }

  /* allocate auth function */
  stat = crypto_kernel_alloc_auth(p->rtcp.auth_type, 
                          &str->rtcp_auth,
                          p->rtcp.auth_key_len, 
                          p->rtcp.auth_tag_len); 
  if (stat) {
    cipher_dealloc(str->rtcp_cipher);
    auth_dealloc(str->rtp_auth);
    cipher_dealloc(str->rtp_cipher);
    crypto_free(str->limit);
    crypto_free(str);
   return stat;
  }  

  return err_status_ok;
}

err_status_t
srtp_stream_dealloc(srtp_t session, srtp_stream_ctx_t *stream) { 
  err_status_t status;
  
  /*
   * we use a conservative deallocation strategy - if any deallocation
   * fails, then we report that fact without trying to deallocate
   * anything else
   */

  /* deallocate cipher, if it is not the same as that in template */
  if (session->stream_template
      && stream->rtp_cipher == session->stream_template->rtp_cipher) {
    /* do nothing */
  } else {
    status = cipher_dealloc(stream->rtp_cipher); 
    if (status) 
      return status;
  }

  /* deallocate auth function, if it is not the same as that in template */
  if (session->stream_template
      && stream->rtp_auth == session->stream_template->rtp_auth) {
    /* do nothing */
  } else {
    status = auth_dealloc(stream->rtp_auth);
    if (status)
      return status;
  }

  /* deallocate key usage limit, if it is not the same as that in template */
  if (session->stream_template
      && stream->limit == session->stream_template->limit) {
    /* do nothing */
  } else {
    crypto_free(stream->limit);
  }   

  /* 
   * deallocate rtcp cipher, if it is not the same as that in
   * template 
   */
  if (session->stream_template
      && stream->rtcp_cipher == session->stream_template->rtcp_cipher) {
    /* do nothing */
  } else {
    status = cipher_dealloc(stream->rtcp_cipher); 
    if (status) 
      return status;
  }

  /*
   * deallocate rtcp auth function, if it is not the same as that in
   * template 
   */
  if (session->stream_template
      && stream->rtcp_auth == session->stream_template->rtcp_auth) {
    /* do nothing */
  } else {
    status = auth_dealloc(stream->rtcp_auth);
    if (status)
      return status;
  }
  
  /* deallocate srtp stream context */
  crypto_free(stream);

  return err_status_ok;
}


/*
 * srtp_stream_clone(stream_template, new) allocates a new stream and
 * initializes it using the cipher and auth of the stream_template
 * 
 * the only unique data in a cloned stream is the replay database and
 * the SSRC
 */

err_status_t
srtp_stream_clone(const srtp_stream_ctx_t *stream_template, 
              uint32_t ssrc, 
              srtp_stream_ctx_t **str_ptr) {
  err_status_t status;
  srtp_stream_ctx_t *str;

  debug_print(mod_srtp, "cloning stream (SSRC: 0x%08x)", ssrc);

  /* allocate srtp stream and set str_ptr */
  str = (srtp_stream_ctx_t *) crypto_alloc(sizeof(srtp_stream_ctx_t));
  if (str == NULL)
    return err_status_alloc_fail;
  *str_ptr = str;  

  /* set cipher and auth pointers to those of the template */
  str->rtp_cipher  = stream_template->rtp_cipher;
  str->rtp_auth    = stream_template->rtp_auth;
  str->rtcp_cipher = stream_template->rtcp_cipher;
  str->rtcp_auth   = stream_template->rtcp_auth;

  /* set key limit to point to that of the template */
  status = key_limit_clone(stream_template->limit, &str->limit);
  if (status) 
    return status;

  /* initialize replay databases */
  rdbx_init(&str->rtp_rdbx);
  rdb_init(&str->rtcp_rdb);
  
  /* set ssrc to that provided */
  str->ssrc = ssrc;

  /* set direction and security services */
  str->direction     = stream_template->direction;
  str->rtp_services  = stream_template->rtp_services;
  str->rtcp_services = stream_template->rtcp_services;

  /* defensive coding */
  str->next = NULL;

  return err_status_ok;
}


/*
 * key derivation functions, internal to libSRTP
 *
 * srtp_kdf_t is a key derivation context
 *
 * srtp_kdf_init(&kdf, k) initializes kdf with the key k
 * 
 * srtp_kdf_generate(&kdf, l, kl, keylen) derives the key
 * corresponding to label l and puts it into kl; the length
 * of the key in octets is provided as keylen.  this function
 * should be called once for each subkey that is derived.
 *
 * srtp_kdf_clear(&kdf) zeroizes the kdf state
 */

typedef enum {
  label_rtp_encryption  = 0x00,
  label_rtp_msg_auth    = 0x01,
  label_rtp_salt        = 0x02,
  label_rtcp_encryption = 0x03,
  label_rtcp_msg_auth   = 0x04,
  label_rtcp_salt       = 0x05
} srtp_prf_label;


/*
 * srtp_kdf_t represents a key derivation function.  The SRTP
 * default KDF is the only one implemented at present.
 */

typedef struct { 
  aes_icm_ctx_t c;    /* cipher used for key derivation  */  
} srtp_kdf_t;

err_status_t
srtp_kdf_init(srtp_kdf_t *kdf, const uint8_t key[30]) {

  aes_icm_context_init(&kdf->c, key);

  return err_status_ok;
}

err_status_t
srtp_kdf_generate(srtp_kdf_t *kdf, srtp_prf_label label,
              uint8_t *key, int length) {

  v128_t nonce;
  
  /* set eigth octet of nonce to <label>, set the rest of it to zero */
  v128_set_to_zero(&nonce);
  nonce.v8[7] = label;
 
  aes_icm_set_iv(&kdf->c, &nonce);  
  
  /* generate keystream output */
  aes_icm_output(&kdf->c, key, length);

  return err_status_ok;
}

err_status_t
srtp_kdf_clear(srtp_kdf_t *kdf) {
  
  /* zeroize aes context */
  octet_string_set_to_zero((uint8_t *)kdf, sizeof(srtp_kdf_t));

  return err_status_ok;  
}

/*
 *  end of key derivation functions 
 */

#define MAX_SRTP_KEY_LEN 256



err_status_t
srtp_stream_init(srtp_stream_ctx_t *srtp, 
              const srtp_policy_t *p) {
   err_status_t stat;
   srtp_kdf_t kdf;
   uint8_t tmp_key[MAX_SRTP_KEY_LEN];
   uint8_t *key = p->key;

   debug_print(mod_srtp, "initializing stream (SSRC: 0x%08x)", 
             p->ssrc.value);

   /* initialize replay database */
   rdbx_init(&srtp->rtp_rdbx);

   /* initialize key limit to maximum value */
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
{
   uint64_t temp;
   temp = make64(UINT_MAX,UINT_MAX);
   key_limit_set(srtp->limit, temp);
}
#else
   key_limit_set(srtp->limit, 0xffffffffffffLL);
#endif

   /* set the SSRC value */
   srtp->ssrc = htonl(p->ssrc.value);

   /* set the security service flags */
   srtp->rtp_services  = p->rtp.sec_serv;
   srtp->rtcp_services = p->rtcp.sec_serv;

   /*
    * set direction to unknown - this flag gets checked in srtp_protect(),
    * srtp_unprotect(), srtp_protect_rtcp(), and srtp_unprotect_rtcp(), and 
    * gets set appropriately if it is set to unknown.
    */
   srtp->direction = dir_unknown;

   /* initialize KDF state     */
   srtp_kdf_init(&kdf, key);

   /* generate encryption key  */
   srtp_kdf_generate(&kdf, label_rtp_encryption, 
                 tmp_key, cipher_get_key_length(srtp->rtp_cipher));
   /* 
    * if the cipher in the srtp context is aes_icm, then we need
    * to generate the salt value
    */
   if (srtp->rtp_cipher->type == &aes_icm) {
         /* FIX!!! this is really the cipher key length; rest is salt */
     int base_key_len = 16;
     int salt_len = cipher_get_key_length(srtp->rtp_cipher) - base_key_len;

     debug_print(mod_srtp, "found aes_icm, generating salt", NULL);

     /* generate encryption salt, put after encryption key */
     srtp_kdf_generate(&kdf, label_rtp_salt, 
                   tmp_key + base_key_len, salt_len);
   }
   debug_print(mod_srtp, "cipher key: %s", 
             octet_string_hex_string(tmp_key, 
                cipher_get_key_length(srtp->rtp_cipher)));  

   /* initialize cipher */
   stat = cipher_init(srtp->rtp_cipher, tmp_key, direction_any);
   if (stat) {
     /* zeroize temp buffer */
     octet_string_set_to_zero(tmp_key, MAX_SRTP_KEY_LEN);
     return err_status_init_fail;
   }

   /* generate authentication key */
   srtp_kdf_generate(&kdf, label_rtp_msg_auth,
                 tmp_key, auth_get_key_length(srtp->rtp_auth));
   debug_print(mod_srtp, "auth key:   %s",
             octet_string_hex_string(tmp_key, 
               auth_get_key_length(srtp->rtp_auth))); 

   /* initialize auth function */
   stat = auth_init(srtp->rtp_auth, tmp_key);
   if (stat) {
     /* zeroize temp buffer */
     octet_string_set_to_zero(tmp_key, MAX_SRTP_KEY_LEN);
     return err_status_init_fail;
   }

   /*
    * ...now initialize RTCP-specific structures   
    */

   /* initialize replay database */
   rdb_init(&srtp->rtcp_rdb);

   /* DAM - no RTCP key limit at present */

   /* generate encryption key  */
   srtp_kdf_generate(&kdf, label_rtcp_encryption, 
                 tmp_key, cipher_get_key_length(srtp->rtcp_cipher));
   /* 
    * if the cipher in the srtp context is aes_icm, then we need
    * to generate the salt value
    */
   if (srtp->rtcp_cipher->type == &aes_icm) {
         /* FIX!!! this is really the cipher key length; rest is salt */
     int base_key_len = 16;
     int salt_len = cipher_get_key_length(srtp->rtcp_cipher) - base_key_len;

     debug_print(mod_srtp, "found aes_icm, generating rtcp salt", NULL);

     /* generate encryption salt, put after encryption key */
     srtp_kdf_generate(&kdf, label_rtcp_salt, 
                   tmp_key + base_key_len, salt_len);
   }
   debug_print(mod_srtp, "rtcp cipher key: %s", 
             octet_string_hex_string(tmp_key, 
                cipher_get_key_length(srtp->rtcp_cipher)));  

   /* initialize cipher */
   stat = cipher_init(srtp->rtcp_cipher, tmp_key, direction_any);
   if (stat) {
     /* zeroize temp buffer */
     octet_string_set_to_zero(tmp_key, MAX_SRTP_KEY_LEN);
     return err_status_init_fail;
   }

   /* generate authentication key */
   srtp_kdf_generate(&kdf, label_rtcp_msg_auth,
                 tmp_key, auth_get_key_length(srtp->rtcp_auth));
   debug_print(mod_srtp, "rtcp auth key:   %s",
             octet_string_hex_string(tmp_key, 
               auth_get_key_length(srtp->rtcp_auth))); 

   /* initialize auth function */
   stat = auth_init(srtp->rtcp_auth, tmp_key);
   if (stat) {
     /* zeroize temp buffer */
     octet_string_set_to_zero(tmp_key, MAX_SRTP_KEY_LEN);
     return err_status_init_fail;
   }

   /* clear memory then return */
   srtp_kdf_clear(&kdf);
   octet_string_set_to_zero(tmp_key, MAX_SRTP_KEY_LEN);
   return err_status_ok;  
 }


 /*
  * srtp_event_reporter is an event handler function that merely
  * reports the events that are reported by the callbacks
  */

 void
 srtp_event_reporter(srtp_event_data_t *data) {

   err_report(err_level_warning, "srtp: in stream 0x%x: ", 
            data->stream->ssrc);

   switch(data->event) {
   case event_ssrc_collision:
     err_report(err_level_warning, "\tSSRC collision\n");
     break;
   case event_key_soft_limit:
     err_report(err_level_warning, "\tkey usage soft limit reached\n");
     break;
   case event_key_hard_limit:
     err_report(err_level_warning, "\tkey usage hard limit reached\n");
     break;
   case event_packet_index_limit:
     err_report(err_level_warning, "\tpacket index limit reached\n");
     break;
   default:
     err_report(err_level_warning, "\tunknown event reported to handler\n");
   }
 }

 /*
  * srtp_event_handler is a global variable holding a pointer to the
  * event handler function; this function is called for any unexpected
  * event that needs to be handled out of the SRTP data path.  see
  * srtp_event_t in srtp.h for more info
  *
  * it is okay to set srtp_event_handler to NULL, but we set 
  * it to the srtp_event_reporter.
  */

 static srtp_event_handler_func_t *srtp_event_handler = srtp_event_reporter;

 err_status_t
00548  srtp_install_event_handler(srtp_event_handler_func_t func) {

   /* 
    * note that we accept NULL arguments intentionally - calling this
    * function with a NULL arguments removes an event handler that's
    * been previously installed
    */

   /* set global event handling function */
   srtp_event_handler = func;
   return err_status_ok;
 }

 err_status_t
 srtp_protect(srtp_ctx_t *ctx, void *rtp_hdr, int *pkt_octet_len) {
   srtp_hdr_t *hdr = rtp_hdr;
   uint32_t *enc_start;        /* pointer to start of encrypted portion  */
   uint32_t *auth_start;       /* pointer to start of auth. portion      */
   unsigned enc_octet_len = 0; /* number of octets in encrypted portion  */
   xtd_seq_num_t est;          /* estimated xtd_seq_num_t of *hdr        */
   int delta;                  /* delta of local pkt idx and that in hdr */
   uint8_t *auth_tag = NULL;   /* location of auth_tag within packet     */
   err_status_t status;   
   int tag_len;
   srtp_stream_ctx_t *stream;
   int prefix_len;

   debug_print(mod_srtp, "function srtp_protect", NULL);

  /* we assume the hdr is 32-bit aligned to start */

   /* check the packet length - it must at least contain a full header */
   if (*pkt_octet_len < octets_in_rtp_header)
     return err_status_bad_param;

   /*
    * look up ssrc in srtp_stream list, and process the packet with
    * the appropriate stream.  if we haven't seen this stream before,
    * there's a template key for this srtp_session, and the cipher
    * supports key-sharing, then we assume that a new stream using
    * that key has just started up
    */
   stream = srtp_get_stream(ctx, hdr->ssrc);
   if (stream == NULL) {
     if (ctx->stream_template != NULL) {
       srtp_stream_ctx_t *new_stream;

       /* allocate and initialize a new stream */
       status = srtp_stream_clone(ctx->stream_template, 
                          hdr->ssrc, &new_stream); 
       if (status)
       return status;

       /* add new stream to the head of the stream_list */
       new_stream->next = ctx->stream_list;
       ctx->stream_list = new_stream;

       /* set direction to outbound */
       new_stream->direction = dir_srtp_sender;

       /* set stream (the pointer used in this function) */
       stream = new_stream;
     } else {
       /* no template stream, so we return an error */
       return err_status_no_ctx;
     } 
   }

   /* 
    * verify that stream is for sending traffic - this check will
    * detect SSRC collisions, since a stream that appears in both
    * srtp_protect() and srtp_unprotect() will fail this test in one of
    * those functions.
    */
   if (stream->direction != dir_srtp_sender) {
     if (stream->direction == dir_unknown) {
       stream->direction = dir_srtp_sender;
     } else {
       srtp_handle_event(ctx, stream, event_ssrc_collision);
     }
   }

  /* 
   * update the key usage limit, and check it to make sure that we
   * didn't just hit either the soft limit or the hard limit, and call
   * the event handler if we hit either.
   */
  switch(key_limit_update(stream->limit)) {
  case key_event_normal:
    break;
  case key_event_soft_limit: 
    srtp_handle_event(ctx, stream, event_key_soft_limit);
    break; 
  case key_event_hard_limit:
    srtp_handle_event(ctx, stream, event_key_hard_limit);
      return err_status_key_expired;
  default:
    break;
  }

   /* get tag length from stream */
   tag_len = auth_get_tag_length(stream->rtp_auth); 

   /*
    * find starting point for encryption and length of data to be
    * encrypted - the encrypted portion starts after the rtp header
    * extension, if present; otherwise, it starts after the last csrc,
    * if any are present
    *
    * if we're not providing confidentiality, set enc_start to NULL
    */
   if (stream->rtp_services & sec_serv_conf) {
     enc_start = (uint32_t *)hdr + uint32s_in_rtp_header + hdr->cc;  
     if (hdr->x == 1) {
       srtp_hdr_xtnd_t *xtn_hdr = (srtp_hdr_xtnd_t *)enc_start;
       enc_start += (ntohs(xtn_hdr->length) + 1);
     }
     enc_octet_len = *pkt_octet_len - ((enc_start - (uint32_t *)hdr) << 2);
   } else {
     enc_start = NULL;
   }

   /* 
    * if we're providing authentication, set the auth_start and auth_tag
    * pointers to the proper locations; otherwise, set auth_start to NULL
    * to indicate that no authentication is needed
    */
   if (stream->rtp_services & sec_serv_auth) {
     auth_start = (uint32_t *)hdr;
     auth_tag = (uint8_t *)hdr + *pkt_octet_len;
   } else {
     auth_start = NULL;
     auth_tag = NULL;
   }

   /*
    * estimate the packet index using the start of the replay window   
    * and the sequence number from the header
    */
   delta = rdbx_estimate_index(&stream->rtp_rdbx, &est, ntohs(hdr->seq));
   status = rdbx_check(&stream->rtp_rdbx, delta);
   if (status)
     return status;  /* we've been asked to reuse an index */
   rdbx_add_index(&stream->rtp_rdbx, delta);

#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
   debug_print2(mod_srtp, "estimated packet index: %08x%08x", 
            high32(est),low32(est));
#else
   debug_print(mod_srtp, "estimated packet index: %016llx", est);
#endif

   /* 
    * if we're using rindael counter mode, set nonce and seq 
    */
   if (stream->rtp_cipher->type == &aes_icm) {
     v128_t iv;

     iv.v32[0] = 0;
     iv.v32[1] = hdr->ssrc;
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
     iv.v64[1] = be64_to_cpu(make64((high32(est) << 16) | (low32(est) >> 16),
                                                 low32(est) << 16));
#else
     iv.v64[1] = be64_to_cpu(est << 16);
#endif
     status = cipher_set_iv(stream->rtp_cipher, &iv);

   } else {  
     v128_t iv;

     /* otherwise, set the index to est */  
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
     iv.v32[0] = 0;
     iv.v32[1] = 0;
#else
     iv.v64[0] = 0;
#endif
     iv.v64[1] = be64_to_cpu(est);
     status = cipher_set_iv(stream->rtp_cipher, &iv);
   }
   if (status)
     return err_status_cipher_fail;

   /* shift est, put into network byte order */
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
   est = be64_to_cpu(make64((high32(est) << 16) |
                                     (low32(est) >> 16),
                                     low32(est) << 16));
#else
   est = be64_to_cpu(est << 16);
#endif
   
   /* 
    * if we're authenticating using a universal hash, put the keystream
    * prefix into the authentication tag
    */
   if (auth_start) {
     
    prefix_len = auth_get_prefix_length(stream->rtp_auth);    
    if (prefix_len) {
      status = cipher_output(stream->rtp_cipher, auth_tag, prefix_len);
      if (status)
      return err_status_cipher_fail;
      debug_print(mod_srtp, "keystream prefix: %s", 
              octet_string_hex_string(auth_tag, prefix_len));
    }
  }

  /* if we're encrypting, exor keystream into the message */
  if (enc_start) {
    status = cipher_encrypt(stream->rtp_cipher, 
                      (uint8_t *)enc_start, &enc_octet_len);
    if (status)
      return err_status_cipher_fail;
  }

  /*
   *  if we're authenticating, run authentication function and put result
   *  into the auth_tag 
   */
  if (auth_start) {        

    /* initialize auth func context */
    status = auth_start(stream->rtp_auth);
    if (status) return status;

    /* run auth func over packet */
    status = auth_update(stream->rtp_auth, 
                   (uint8_t *)auth_start, *pkt_octet_len);
    if (status) return status;
    
    /* run auth func over ROC, put result into auth_tag */
    debug_print(mod_srtp, "estimated packet index: %016llx", est);
    status = auth_compute(stream->rtp_auth, (uint8_t *)&est, 4, auth_tag); 
    debug_print(mod_srtp, "srtp auth tag:    %s", 
            octet_string_hex_string(auth_tag, tag_len));
    if (status)
      return err_status_auth_fail;   

  }

  if (auth_tag) {

    /* increase the packet length by the length of the auth tag */
    *pkt_octet_len += tag_len;
  }

  return err_status_ok;  
}


err_status_t
srtp_unprotect(srtp_ctx_t *ctx, void *srtp_hdr, int *pkt_octet_len) {
  srtp_hdr_t *hdr = srtp_hdr;
  uint32_t *enc_start;      /* pointer to start of encrypted portion  */
  uint32_t *auth_start;     /* pointer to start of auth. portion      */
  uint32_t enc_octet_len = 0;/* number of octets in encrypted portion */
  uint8_t *auth_tag = NULL; /* location of auth_tag within packet     */
  xtd_seq_num_t est;        /* estimated xtd_seq_num_t of *hdr        */
  int delta;                /* delta of local pkt idx and that in hdr */
  v128_t iv;
  err_status_t status;
  srtp_stream_ctx_t *stream;
  uint8_t tmp_tag[SRTP_MAX_TAG_LEN];
  int tag_len, prefix_len;

  debug_print(mod_srtp, "function srtp_unprotect", NULL);

  /* we assume the hdr is 32-bit aligned to start */

  /* check the packet length - it must at least contain a full header */
  if (*pkt_octet_len < octets_in_rtp_header)
    return err_status_bad_param;

  /*
   * look up ssrc in srtp_stream list, and process the packet with 
   * the appropriate stream.  if we haven't seen this stream before,
   * there's only one key for this srtp_session, and the cipher
   * supports key-sharing, then we assume that a new stream using
   * that key has just started up
   */
  stream = srtp_get_stream(ctx, hdr->ssrc);
  if (stream == NULL) {
    if (ctx->stream_template != NULL) {
      stream = ctx->stream_template;
      debug_print(mod_srtp, "using provisional stream (SSRC: 0x%08x)",
              hdr->ssrc);
      
      /* 
       * set estimated packet index to sequence number from header,
       * and set delta equal to the same value
       */
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
      est = (xtd_seq_num_t) make64(0,ntohs(hdr->seq));
      delta = low32(est);
#else
      est = (xtd_seq_num_t) ntohs(hdr->seq);
      delta = est;
#endif
    } else {
      
      /*
       * no stream corresponding to SSRC found, and we don't do
       * key-sharing, so return an error
       */
      return err_status_no_ctx;
    }
  } else {
  
    /* estimate packet index from seq. num. in header */
    delta = rdbx_estimate_index(&stream->rtp_rdbx, &est, ntohs(hdr->seq));
    
    /* check replay database */
    status = rdbx_check(&stream->rtp_rdbx, delta);
    if (status)
      return status;
  }

#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  debug_print2(mod_srtp, "estimated u_packet index: %08x%08x", high32(est),low32(est));
#else
  debug_print(mod_srtp, "estimated u_packet index: %016llx", est);
#endif

  /* get tag length from stream */
  tag_len = auth_get_tag_length(stream->rtp_auth); 

  /* 
   * set the cipher's IV properly, depending on whatever cipher we
   * happen to be using
   */
  if (stream->rtp_cipher->type == &aes_icm) {

    /* aes counter mode */
    iv.v32[0] = 0;
    iv.v32[1] = hdr->ssrc;  /* still in network order */
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
    iv.v64[1] = be64_to_cpu(make64((high32(est) << 16) | (low32(est) >> 16),
                           low32(est) << 16));
#else
    iv.v64[1] = be64_to_cpu(est << 16);
#endif
    status = aes_icm_set_iv(stream->rtp_cipher->state, &iv);
  } else {  
    
    /* no particular format - set the iv to the pakcet index */  
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
    iv.v32[0] = 0;
    iv.v32[1] = 0;
#else
    iv.v64[0] = 0;
#endif
    iv.v64[1] = be64_to_cpu(est);
    status = cipher_set_iv(stream->rtp_cipher, &iv);
  }
  if (status)
    return err_status_cipher_fail;

  /* shift est, put into network byte order */
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  est = be64_to_cpu(make64((high32(est) << 16) |
                                  (low32(est) >> 16),
                                  low32(est) << 16));
#else
  est = be64_to_cpu(est << 16);
#endif

  /*
   * find starting point for decryption and length of data to be
   * decrypted - the encrypted portion starts after the rtp header
   * extension, if present; otherwise, it starts after the last csrc,
   * if any are present
   *
   * if we're not providing confidentiality, set enc_start to NULL
   */
  if (stream->rtp_services & sec_serv_conf) {
    enc_start = (uint32_t *)hdr + uint32s_in_rtp_header + hdr->cc;  
    if (hdr->x == 1) {
      srtp_hdr_xtnd_t *xtn_hdr = (srtp_hdr_xtnd_t *)enc_start;
      enc_start += (ntohs(xtn_hdr->length) + 1);
    }  
    enc_octet_len = *pkt_octet_len - tag_len
      - ((enc_start - (uint32_t *)hdr) << 2);
  } else {
    enc_start = NULL;
  }

  /* 
   * if we're providing authentication, set the auth_start and auth_tag
   * pointers to the proper locations; otherwise, set auth_start to NULL
   * to indicate that no authentication is needed
   */
  if (stream->rtp_services & sec_serv_auth) {
    auth_start = (uint32_t *)hdr;
    auth_tag = (uint8_t *)hdr + *pkt_octet_len - tag_len;
  } else {
    auth_start = NULL;
    auth_tag = NULL;
  } 

  /*
   * if we expect message authentication, run the authentication
   * function and compare the result with the value of the auth_tag
   */
  if (auth_start) {        

    /* 
     * if we're using a universal hash, then we need to compute the
     * keystream prefix for encrypting the universal hash output
     *
     * if the keystream prefix length is zero, then we know that
     * the authenticator isn't using a universal hash function
     */  
    if (stream->rtp_auth->prefix_len != 0) {
      
      prefix_len = auth_get_prefix_length(stream->rtp_auth);    
      status = cipher_output(stream->rtp_cipher, tmp_tag, prefix_len);
      debug_print(mod_srtp, "keystream prefix: %s", 
              octet_string_hex_string(tmp_tag, prefix_len));
      if (status)
      return err_status_cipher_fail;
    } 

    /* initialize auth func context */
    status = auth_start(stream->rtp_auth);
    if (status) return status;
 
    /* now compute auth function over packet */
    status = auth_update(stream->rtp_auth, (uint8_t *)auth_start,  
                   *pkt_octet_len - tag_len);

    /* run auth func over ROC, then write tmp tag */
    status = auth_compute(stream->rtp_auth, (uint8_t *)&est, 4, tmp_tag);  

    debug_print(mod_srtp, "computed auth tag:    %s", 
            octet_string_hex_string(tmp_tag, tag_len));
    debug_print(mod_srtp, "packet auth tag:      %s", 
            octet_string_hex_string(auth_tag, tag_len));
    if (status)
      return err_status_auth_fail;   

    if (octet_string_is_eq(tmp_tag, auth_tag, tag_len))
      return err_status_auth_fail;
  }

  /* 
   * update the key usage limit, and check it to make sure that we
   * didn't just hit either the soft limit or the hard limit, and call
   * the event handler if we hit either.
   */
  switch(key_limit_update(stream->limit)) {
  case key_event_normal:
    break;
  case key_event_soft_limit: 
    srtp_handle_event(ctx, stream, event_key_soft_limit);
    break; 
  case key_event_hard_limit:
    srtp_handle_event(ctx, stream, event_key_hard_limit);
    return err_status_key_expired;
  default:
    break;
  }

  /* if we're encrypting, add keystream into ciphertext */
  if (enc_start) {
    status = cipher_encrypt(stream->rtp_cipher, 
                      (uint8_t *)enc_start, &enc_octet_len);
    if (status)
      return err_status_cipher_fail;
  }

  /* 
   * verify that stream is for received traffic - this check will
   * detect SSRC collisions, since a stream that appears in both
   * srtp_protect() and srtp_unprotect() will fail this test in one of
   * those functions.
   *
   * we do this check *after* the authentication check, so that the
   * latter check will catch any attempts to fool us into thinking
   * that we've got a collision
   */
  if (stream->direction != dir_srtp_receiver) {
    if (stream->direction == dir_unknown) {
      stream->direction = dir_srtp_receiver;
    } else {
      srtp_handle_event(ctx, stream, event_ssrc_collision);
    }
  }

  /* 
   * if the stream is a 'provisional' one, in which the template context
   * is used, then we need to allocate a new stream at this point, since
   * the authentication passed
   */
  if (stream == ctx->stream_template) {  
    srtp_stream_ctx_t *new_stream;

    /* 
     * allocate and initialize a new stream 
     * 
     * note that we indicate failure if we can't allocate the new
     * stream, and some implementations will want to not return
     * failure here
     */
    status = srtp_stream_clone(ctx->stream_template, hdr->ssrc, &new_stream); 
    if (status)
      return status;
    
    /* add new stream to the head of the stream_list */
    new_stream->next = ctx->stream_list;
    ctx->stream_list = new_stream;
    
    /* set stream (the pointer used in this function) */
    stream = new_stream;
  }
  
  /* 
   * the message authentication function passed, so add the packet
   * index into the replay database 
   */
  rdbx_add_index(&stream->rtp_rdbx, delta);

  /* decrease the packet length by the length of the auth tag */
  *pkt_octet_len -= tag_len;

  return err_status_ok;  
}

err_status_t
01078 srtp_init() {
  err_status_t status;

  /* initialize crypto kernel */
  status = crypto_kernel_init();
  if (status) 
    return status;

  /* load srtp debug module into the kernel */
  status = crypto_kernel_load_debug_module(&mod_srtp);
  if (status)
    return status;

  return err_status_ok;
}

/* 
 * The following code is under consideration for removal.  See
 * SRTP_MAX_TRAILER_LEN 
 */
#if 0

/*
 * srtp_get_trailer_length(&a) returns the number of octets that will
 * be added to an RTP packet by the SRTP processing.  This value
 * is constant for a given srtp_stream_t (i.e. between initializations).
 */

int
srtp_get_trailer_length(const srtp_stream_t s) {
  return auth_get_tag_length(s->rtp_auth);
}

#endif

/*
 * srtp_get_stream(ssrc) returns a pointer to the stream corresponding
 * to ssrc, or NULL if no stream exists for that ssrc
 *
 * this is an internal function 
 */

srtp_stream_ctx_t *
srtp_get_stream(srtp_t srtp, uint32_t ssrc) {
  srtp_stream_ctx_t *stream;

  /* walk down list until ssrc is found */
  stream = srtp->stream_list;
  while (stream != NULL) {
    if (stream->ssrc == ssrc)
      return stream;
    stream = stream->next;
  }
  
  /* we haven't found our ssrc, so return a null */
  return NULL;
}

err_status_t
01137 srtp_dealloc(srtp_t session) {
  srtp_stream_ctx_t *stream;
  err_status_t status;

  /*
   * we take a conservative deallocation strategy - if we encounter an
   * error deallocating a stream, then we stop trying to deallocate
   * memory and just return an error
   */

  /* walk list of streams, deallocating as we go */
  stream = session->stream_list;
  while (stream != NULL) {
    srtp_stream_t next = stream->next;
    status = srtp_stream_dealloc(session, stream);
    if (status)
      return status;
    stream = next;
  }
  
  /* deallocate stream template, if there is one */
  if (session->stream_template != NULL) {
    status = auth_dealloc(session->stream_template->rtcp_auth); 
    if (status) 
      return status; 
    status = cipher_dealloc(session->stream_template->rtcp_cipher); 
    if (status) 
      return status; 
    crypto_free(session->stream_template->limit);
    status = cipher_dealloc(session->stream_template->rtp_cipher); 
    if (status) 
      return status; 
    status = auth_dealloc(session->stream_template->rtp_auth);
    if (status)
      return status;
    crypto_free(session->stream_template);
  }

  /* deallocate session context */
  crypto_free(session);

  return err_status_ok;
}


err_status_t
01183 srtp_add_stream(srtp_t session, 
            const srtp_policy_t *policy)  {
  err_status_t status;
  srtp_stream_t tmp;

  /* sanity check arguments */
  if ((session == NULL) || (policy == NULL) || (policy->key == NULL))
    return err_status_bad_param;

  /* allocate stream  */
  status = srtp_stream_alloc(&tmp, policy);
  if (status) {
    return status;
  }
  
  /* initialize stream  */
  status = srtp_stream_init(tmp, policy);
  if (status) {
    crypto_free(tmp);
    return status;
  }
  
  /* 
   * set the head of the stream list or the template to point to the
   * stream that we've just alloced and init'ed, depending on whether
   * or not it has a wildcard SSRC value or not
   *
   * if the template stream has already been set, then the policy is
   * inconsistent, so we return a bad_param error code
   */
  switch (policy->ssrc.type) {
  case (ssrc_any_outbound):
    if (session->stream_template) {
      return err_status_bad_param;
    }
    session->stream_template = tmp;
    session->stream_template->direction = dir_srtp_sender;
    break;
  case (ssrc_any_inbound):
    if (session->stream_template) {
      return err_status_bad_param;
    }
    session->stream_template = tmp;
    session->stream_template->direction = dir_srtp_receiver;
    break;
  case (ssrc_specific):
    tmp->next = session->stream_list;
    session->stream_list = tmp;
    break;
  case (ssrc_undefined):
  default:
    crypto_free(tmp);
    return err_status_bad_param;
  }
    
  return err_status_ok;
}


err_status_t
01243 srtp_create(srtp_t *session,               /* handle for session     */ 
          const srtp_policy_t *policy) { /* SRTP policy (list)     */
  err_status_t stat;
  srtp_ctx_t *ctx;

  /* sanity check arguments */
  if (session == NULL)
    return err_status_bad_param;

  /* allocate srtp context and set ctx_ptr */
  ctx = (srtp_ctx_t *) crypto_alloc(sizeof(srtp_ctx_t));
  if (ctx == NULL)
    return err_status_alloc_fail;
  *session = ctx;

  /* 
   * loop over elements in the policy list, allocating and
   * initializing a stream for each element
   */
  ctx->stream_template = NULL;
  ctx->stream_list = NULL;
  while (policy != NULL) {    

    stat = srtp_add_stream(ctx, policy);
    if (stat) {
      /* clean up everything */
      srtp_dealloc(*session);
      return stat;
    }    

    /* set policy to next item in list  */
    policy = policy->next;
  }

  return err_status_ok;
}


err_status_t
01282 srtp_remove_stream(srtp_t session, uint32_t ssrc) {
  srtp_stream_ctx_t *stream, *last_stream;
  err_status_t status;

  /* sanity check arguments */
  if (session == NULL)
    return err_status_bad_param;
  
  /* find stream in list; complain if not found */
  last_stream = stream = session->stream_list;
  while ((stream != NULL) && (ssrc != stream->ssrc)) {
    last_stream = stream;
    stream = stream->next;
  }
  if (stream == NULL)
    return err_status_no_ctx;

  /* remove stream from the list */
  last_stream->next = stream->next;

  /* deallocate the stream */
  status = srtp_stream_dealloc(session, stream);
  if (status)
    return status;

  return err_status_ok;
}


/*
 * the default policy - provides a convenient way for callers to use
 * the default security policy
 * 
 * this policy is that defined in the current SRTP internet draft.
 *
 */

/* 
 * NOTE: cipher_key_len is really key len (128 bits) plus salt len
 *  (112 bits)
 */
/* There are hard-coded 16's for base_key_len in the key generation code */

void
01326 crypto_policy_set_rtp_default(crypto_policy_t *p) {

  p->cipher_type     = AES_128_ICM;           
  p->cipher_key_len  = 30;                /* default 128 bits per RFC 3711 */
  p->auth_type       = HMAC_SHA1;             
  p->auth_key_len    = 20;                /* default 160 bits per RFC 3711 */
  p->auth_tag_len    = 10;                /* default 80 bits per RFC 3711 */
  p->sec_serv        = sec_serv_conf_and_auth;
  
}

void
01338 crypto_policy_set_rtcp_default(crypto_policy_t *p) {

  p->cipher_type     = AES_128_ICM;           
  p->cipher_key_len  = 30;                 /* default 128 bits per RFC 3711 */
  p->auth_type       = HMAC_SHA1;             
  p->auth_key_len    = 20;                 /* default 160 bits per RFC 3711 */
  p->auth_tag_len    = 10;                 /* default 80 bits per RFC 3711 */
  p->sec_serv        = sec_serv_conf_and_auth;
  
}

void
01350 crypto_policy_set_aes_cm_128_hmac_sha1_32(crypto_policy_t *p) {

  /*
   * corresponds to draft-ietf-mmusic-sdescriptions-12.txt
   *
   * note that this crypto policy is intended for SRTP, but not SRTCP
   */

  p->cipher_type     = AES_128_ICM;           
  p->cipher_key_len  = 30;                /* 128 bit key, 112 bit salt */
  p->auth_type       = HMAC_SHA1;             
  p->auth_key_len    = 20;                /* 160 bit key               */
  p->auth_tag_len    = 4;                 /* 32 bit tag                */
  p->sec_serv        = sec_serv_conf_and_auth;
  
}


void
01369 crypto_policy_set_aes_cm_128_null_auth(crypto_policy_t *p) {

  /*
   * corresponds to draft-ietf-mmusic-sdescriptions-12.txt
   *
   * note that this crypto policy is intended for SRTP, but not SRTCP
   */

  p->cipher_type     = AES_128_ICM;           
  p->cipher_key_len  = 30;                /* 128 bit key, 112 bit salt */
  p->auth_type       = NULL_AUTH;             
  p->auth_key_len    = 0; 
  p->auth_tag_len    = 0; 
  p->sec_serv        = sec_serv_conf;
  
}


void
01388 crypto_policy_set_null_cipher_hmac_sha1_80(crypto_policy_t *p) {

  /*
   * corresponds to draft-ietf-mmusic-sdescriptions-12.txt
   */

  p->cipher_type     = NULL_CIPHER;           
  p->cipher_key_len  = 0;
  p->auth_type       = HMAC_SHA1;             
  p->auth_key_len    = 20; 
  p->auth_tag_len    = 10; 
  p->sec_serv        = sec_serv_auth;
  
}


/* 
 * secure rtcp functions
 */

err_status_t 
01409 srtp_protect_rtcp(srtp_t ctx, void *rtcp_hdr, int *pkt_octet_len) {
  srtcp_hdr_t *hdr = rtcp_hdr;
  uint32_t *enc_start;      /* pointer to start of encrypted portion  */
  uint32_t *auth_start;     /* pointer to start of auth. portion      */
  uint32_t *trailer;        /* pointer to start of trailer            */
  uint32_t enc_octet_len = 0;/* number of octets in encrypted portion */
  uint8_t *auth_tag = NULL; /* location of auth_tag within packet     */
  err_status_t status;   
  int tag_len;
  srtp_stream_ctx_t *stream;
  int prefix_len;
  uint32_t seq_num;

  /* we assume the hdr is 32-bit aligned to start */
  /*
   * look up ssrc in srtp_stream list, and process the packet with 
   * the appropriate stream.  if we haven't seen this stream before,
   * there's only one key for this srtp_session, and the cipher
   * supports key-sharing, then we assume that a new stream using
   * that key has just started up
   */
  stream = srtp_get_stream(ctx, hdr->ssrc);
  if (stream == NULL) {
    if (ctx->stream_template != NULL) {
      srtp_stream_ctx_t *new_stream;
      
      /* allocate and initialize a new stream */
      status = srtp_stream_clone(ctx->stream_template,
                         hdr->ssrc, &new_stream); 
      if (status)
      return status;
      
      /* add new stream to the head of the stream_list */
      new_stream->next = ctx->stream_list;
      ctx->stream_list = new_stream;
      
      /* set stream (the pointer used in this function) */
      stream = new_stream;
    } else {
      /* no template stream, so we return an error */
      return err_status_no_ctx;
    } 
  }
  
  /* 
   * verify that stream is for sending traffic - this check will
   * detect SSRC collisions, since a stream that appears in both
   * srtp_protect() and srtp_unprotect() will fail this test in one of
   * those functions.
   */
  if (stream->direction != dir_srtp_sender) {
    if (stream->direction == dir_unknown) {
      stream->direction = dir_srtp_sender;
    } else {
      srtp_handle_event(ctx, stream, event_ssrc_collision);
    }
  }  

  /* get tag length from stream context */
  tag_len = auth_get_tag_length(stream->rtcp_auth); 

  /*
   * set encryption start and encryption length - if we're not
   * providing confidentiality, set enc_start to NULL
   */
  enc_start = (uint32_t *)hdr + uint32s_in_rtcp_header;  
  enc_octet_len = *pkt_octet_len - octets_in_rtcp_header;

  /* all of the packet, except the header, gets encrypted */
  /* NOTE: hdr->length is not usable - it refers to only the first
       RTCP report in the compound packet! */
  /* NOTE: trailer is 32-bit aligned because RTCP 'packets' are always
       multiples of 32-bits (RFC 3550 6.1) */
  trailer = (uint32_t *) ((char *)enc_start + enc_octet_len);

  if (stream->rtcp_services & sec_serv_conf) {
    *trailer = htonl(SRTCP_E_BIT);     /* set encrypt bit */    
  } else {
    enc_start = NULL;
    enc_octet_len = 0;
      /* 0 is network-order independant */
    *trailer = 0x00000000;     /* set encrypt bit */    
  }

  /* 
   * set the auth_start and auth_tag pointers to the proper locations
   * (note that srtpc *always* provides authentication, unlike srtp)
   */
  /* Note: This would need to change for optional mikey data */
  auth_start = (uint32_t *)hdr;
  auth_tag = (uint8_t *)hdr + *pkt_octet_len + sizeof(srtcp_trailer_t); 

  /* 
   * check sequence number for overruns, and copy it into the packet
   * if its value isn't too big
   */
  status = rdb_increment(&stream->rtcp_rdb);
  if (status)
    return status;
  seq_num = rdb_get_value(&stream->rtcp_rdb);
  *trailer |= htonl(seq_num);
  debug_print(mod_srtp, "srtcp index: %x", seq_num);

  /* 
   * if we're using rindael counter mode, set nonce and seq 
   */
  if (stream->rtcp_cipher->type == &aes_icm) {
    v128_t iv;
    
    iv.v32[0] = 0;
    iv.v32[1] = hdr->ssrc;  /* still in network order! */
    iv.v32[2] = htonl(seq_num >> 16);
    iv.v32[3] = htonl(seq_num << 16);
    status = aes_icm_set_iv(stream->rtcp_cipher->state, &iv);

  } else {  
    v128_t iv;
    
    /* otherwise, just set the index to seq_num */  
    iv.v32[0] = 0;
    iv.v32[1] = 0;
    iv.v32[2] = 0;
    iv.v32[3] = htonl(seq_num);
    status = cipher_set_iv(stream->rtcp_cipher, &iv);
  }
  if (status)
    return err_status_cipher_fail;

  /* 
   * if we're authenticating using a universal hash, put the keystream
   * prefix into the authentication tag
   */
  
  /* if auth_start is non-null, then put keystream into tag  */
  if (auth_start) {

    /* put keystream prefix into auth_tag */
    prefix_len = auth_get_prefix_length(stream->rtcp_auth);    
    status = cipher_output(stream->rtcp_cipher, auth_tag, prefix_len);

    debug_print(mod_srtp, "keystream prefix: %s", 
            octet_string_hex_string(auth_tag, prefix_len));

    if (status)
      return err_status_cipher_fail;
  }

  /* if we're encrypting, exor keystream into the message */
  if (enc_start) {
    status = cipher_encrypt(stream->rtcp_cipher, 
                      (uint8_t *)enc_start, &enc_octet_len);
    if (status)
      return err_status_cipher_fail;
  }

  /* initialize auth func context */
  auth_start(stream->rtcp_auth);

  /* 
   * run auth func over packet (including trailer), and write the
   * result at auth_tag 
   */
  status = auth_compute(stream->rtcp_auth, 
                  (uint8_t *)auth_start, 
                  (*pkt_octet_len) + sizeof(srtcp_trailer_t), 
                  auth_tag);
  debug_print(mod_srtp, "srtcp auth tag:    %s", 
            octet_string_hex_string(auth_tag, tag_len));
  if (status)
    return err_status_auth_fail;   
    
  /* increase the packet length by the length of the auth tag and seq_num*/
  *pkt_octet_len += (tag_len + sizeof(srtcp_trailer_t));
    
  return err_status_ok;  
}


err_status_t 
01588 srtp_unprotect_rtcp(srtp_t ctx, void *srtcp_hdr, int *pkt_octet_len) {
  srtcp_hdr_t *hdr = srtcp_hdr;
  uint32_t *enc_start;      /* pointer to start of encrypted portion  */
  uint32_t *auth_start;     /* pointer to start of auth. portion      */
  uint32_t *trailer;        /* pointer to start of trailer            */
  uint32_t enc_octet_len = 0;/* number of octets in encrypted portion */
  uint8_t *auth_tag = NULL; /* location of auth_tag within packet     */
  uint8_t tmp_tag[SRTP_MAX_TAG_LEN];
  err_status_t status;   
  int tag_len;
  srtp_stream_ctx_t *stream;
  int prefix_len;
  uint32_t seq_num;

  /* we assume the hdr is 32-bit aligned to start */
  /*
   * look up ssrc in srtp_stream list, and process the packet with 
   * the appropriate stream.  if we haven't seen this stream before,
   * there's only one key for this srtp_session, and the cipher
   * supports key-sharing, then we assume that a new stream using
   * that key has just started up
   */
  stream = srtp_get_stream(ctx, hdr->ssrc);
  if (stream == NULL) {
    if (ctx->stream_template != NULL) {
      stream = ctx->stream_template;
      debug_print(mod_srtp, "srtcp using provisional stream (SSRC: 0x%08x)", 
              hdr->ssrc);
    } else {
      /* no template stream, so we return an error */
      return err_status_no_ctx;
    } 
  }
  
  /* get tag length from stream context */
  tag_len = auth_get_tag_length(stream->rtcp_auth); 

  /*
   * set encryption start, encryption length, and trailer
   */
  enc_octet_len = *pkt_octet_len - 
                  (octets_in_rtcp_header + tag_len + sizeof(srtcp_trailer_t));
  /* index & E (encryption) bit follow normal data.  hdr->len
       is the number of words (32-bit) in the normal packet minus 1 */
  /* This should point trailer to the word past the end of the
       normal data. */
  /* This would need to be modified for optional mikey data */
  /*
   * NOTE: trailer is 32-bit aligned because RTCP 'packets' are always
   *   multiples of 32-bits (RFC 3550 6.1)
   */
  trailer = (uint32_t *) ((char *) hdr +
                 *pkt_octet_len -(tag_len + sizeof(srtcp_trailer_t)));
  if (*((unsigned char *) trailer) & SRTCP_E_BYTE_BIT) {
    enc_start = (uint32_t *)hdr + uint32s_in_rtcp_header;  
  } else {
    enc_octet_len = 0;
    enc_start = NULL; /* this indicates that there's no encryption */
  }

  /* 
   * set the auth_start and auth_tag pointers to the proper locations
   * (note that srtcp *always* uses authentication, unlike srtp)
   */
  auth_start = (uint32_t *)hdr;
  auth_tag = (uint8_t *)hdr + *pkt_octet_len - tag_len;

  /* 
   * check the sequence number for replays
   */
  /* this is easier than dealing with bitfield access */
  seq_num = ntohl(*trailer) & SRTCP_INDEX_MASK;
  debug_print(mod_srtp, "srtcp index: %x", seq_num);
  status = rdb_check(&stream->rtcp_rdb, seq_num);
  if (status)
    return status;

  /* 
   * if we're using aes counter mode, set nonce and seq 
   */
  if (stream->rtcp_cipher->type == &aes_icm) {
    v128_t iv;

    iv.v32[0] = 0;
    iv.v32[1] = hdr->ssrc; /* still in network order! */
    iv.v32[2] = htonl(seq_num >> 16);
    iv.v32[3] = htonl(seq_num << 16);
    status = aes_icm_set_iv(stream->rtcp_cipher->state, &iv);

  } else {  
    v128_t iv;
    
    /* otherwise, just set the index to seq_num */  
    iv.v32[0] = 0;
    iv.v32[1] = 0;
    iv.v32[2] = 0;
    iv.v32[3] = htonl(seq_num);
    status = cipher_set_iv(stream->rtcp_cipher, &iv);

  }
  if (status)
    return err_status_cipher_fail;

  /* initialize auth func context */
  auth_start(stream->rtcp_auth);

  /* run auth func over packet, put result into tmp_tag */
  status = auth_compute(stream->rtcp_auth, (uint8_t *)auth_start,  
                  *pkt_octet_len - tag_len,
                  tmp_tag);
  debug_print(mod_srtp, "srtcp computed tag:       %s", 
            octet_string_hex_string(tmp_tag, tag_len));
  if (status)
    return err_status_auth_fail;   
  
  /* compare the tag just computed with the one in the packet */
  debug_print(mod_srtp, "srtcp tag from packet:    %s", 
            octet_string_hex_string(auth_tag, tag_len));  
  if (octet_string_is_eq(tmp_tag, auth_tag, tag_len))
    return err_status_auth_fail;

  /* 
   * if we're authenticating using a universal hash, put the keystream
   * prefix into the authentication tag
   */
  prefix_len = auth_get_prefix_length(stream->rtcp_auth);    
  if (prefix_len) {
    status = cipher_output(stream->rtcp_cipher, auth_tag, prefix_len);
    debug_print(mod_srtp, "keystream prefix: %s", 
            octet_string_hex_string(auth_tag, prefix_len));
    if (status)
      return err_status_cipher_fail;
  }

  /* if we're decrypting, exor keystream into the message */
  if (enc_start) {
    status = cipher_encrypt(stream->rtcp_cipher, 
                      (uint8_t *)enc_start, &enc_octet_len);
    if (status)
      return err_status_cipher_fail;
  }

  /* decrease the packet length by the length of the auth tag and seq_num*/
  *pkt_octet_len -= (tag_len + sizeof(srtcp_trailer_t));

  /* 
   * verify that stream is for received traffic - this check will
   * detect SSRC collisions, since a stream that appears in both
   * srtp_protect() and srtp_unprotect() will fail this test in one of
   * those functions.
   *
   * we do this check *after* the authentication check, so that the
   * latter check will catch any attempts to fool us into thinking
   * that we've got a collision
   */
  if (stream->direction != dir_srtp_receiver) {
    if (stream->direction == dir_unknown) {
      stream->direction = dir_srtp_receiver;
    } else {
      srtp_handle_event(ctx, stream, event_ssrc_collision);
    }
  }

  /* 
   * if the stream is a 'provisional' one, in which the template context
   * is used, then we need to allocate a new stream at this point, since
   * the authentication passed
   */
  if (stream == ctx->stream_template) {  
    srtp_stream_ctx_t *new_stream;

    /* 
     * allocate and initialize a new stream 
     * 
     * note that we indicate failure if we can't allocate the new
     * stream, and some implementations will want to not return
     * failure here
     */
    status = srtp_stream_clone(ctx->stream_template, hdr->ssrc, &new_stream); 
    if (status)
      return status;
    
    /* add new stream to the head of the stream_list */
    new_stream->next = ctx->stream_list;
    ctx->stream_list = new_stream;
    
    /* set stream (the pointer used in this function) */
    stream = new_stream;
  }

  /* we've passed the authentication check, so add seq_num to the rdb */
  rdb_add_index(&stream->rtcp_rdb, seq_num);
    
    
  return err_status_ok;  
}

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