Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: srtp version File versions  Download package

cipher.c
/*
 * cipher.c
 *
 * cipher meta-functions
 *
 * David A. McGrew
 * Cisco Systems, Inc.
 * 
 */

/*
 *    
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2006, Cisco Systems, Inc.
 * All rights reserved.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 
 *   Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 
 *   Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
 *   copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *   disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
 *   with the distribution.
 * 
 *   Neither the name of the Cisco Systems, Inc. nor the names of its
 *   contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *   from this software without specific prior written permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
 * INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
 * (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
 * SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 */

#include "cipher.h"
#include "rand_source.h"        /* used in invertibiltiy tests        */
#include "alloc.h"              /* for crypto_alloc(), crypto_free()  */

debug_module_t mod_cipher = {
  0,                 /* debugging is off by default */
  "cipher"           /* printable module name       */
};

err_status_t
cipher_output(cipher_t *c, uint8_t *buffer, int num_octets_to_output) {
  
  /* zeroize the buffer */
  octet_string_set_to_zero(buffer, num_octets_to_output);
  
  /* exor keystream into buffer */
  return cipher_encrypt(c, buffer, (unsigned int *) &num_octets_to_output);
}

/* some bookkeeping functions */

int
cipher_get_key_length(const cipher_t *c) {
  return c->key_len;
}

/* 
 * cipher_type_test(ct, test_data) tests a cipher of type ct against
 * test cases provided in a list test_data of values of key, salt, iv,
 * plaintext, and ciphertext that is known to be good
 */

#define SELF_TEST_BUF_OCTETS 128
#define NUM_RAND_TESTS       128
#define MAX_KEY_LEN          64

err_status_t
cipher_type_test(const cipher_type_t *ct, const cipher_test_case_t *test_data) {
  const cipher_test_case_t *test_case = test_data;
  cipher_t *c;
  err_status_t status;
  uint8_t buffer[SELF_TEST_BUF_OCTETS];
  uint8_t buffer2[SELF_TEST_BUF_OCTETS];
  unsigned int len;
  int i, j, case_num = 0;

  debug_print(mod_cipher, "running self-test for cipher %s", 
            ct->description);
  
  /*
   * check to make sure that we have at least one test case, and
   * return an error if we don't - we need to be paranoid here
   */
  if (test_case == NULL)
    return err_status_cant_check;

  /*
   * loop over all test cases, perform known-answer tests of both the
   * encryption and decryption functions
   */  
  while (test_case != NULL) {

    /* allocate cipher */
    status = cipher_type_alloc(ct, &c, test_case->key_length_octets);
    if (status)
      return status;
    
    /*
     * test the encrypt function 
     */
    debug_print(mod_cipher, "testing encryption", NULL);    
    
    /* initialize cipher */
    status = cipher_init(c, test_case->key, direction_encrypt);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    }
    
    /* copy plaintext into test buffer */
    if (test_case->ciphertext_length_octets > SELF_TEST_BUF_OCTETS) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);    
      return err_status_bad_param;
    }
    for (i=0; i < test_case->plaintext_length_octets; i++)
      buffer[i] = test_case->plaintext[i];

    debug_print(mod_cipher, "plaintext:    %s",
           octet_string_hex_string(buffer,
                             test_case->plaintext_length_octets));

    /* set the initialization vector */
    status = cipher_set_iv(c, test_case->idx);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    } 
    
    /* encrypt */
    len = test_case->plaintext_length_octets;
    status = cipher_encrypt(c, buffer, &len);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    }
    
    debug_print(mod_cipher, "ciphertext:   %s",
           octet_string_hex_string(buffer,
                             test_case->ciphertext_length_octets));

    /* compare the resulting ciphertext with that in the test case */
    if (len != test_case->ciphertext_length_octets)
      return err_status_algo_fail;
    status = err_status_ok;
    for (i=0; i < test_case->ciphertext_length_octets; i++)
      if (buffer[i] != test_case->ciphertext[i]) {
      status = err_status_algo_fail;
      debug_print(mod_cipher, "test case %d failed", case_num);
      debug_print(mod_cipher, "(failure at byte %d)", i);
      break;
      }
    if (status) {

      debug_print(mod_cipher, "c computed: %s",
           octet_string_hex_string(buffer,
              2*test_case->plaintext_length_octets));
      debug_print(mod_cipher, "c expected: %s",
              octet_string_hex_string(test_case->ciphertext,
                    2*test_case->plaintext_length_octets));

      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return err_status_algo_fail;
    }

    /*
     * test the decrypt function
     */
    debug_print(mod_cipher, "testing decryption", NULL);    

    /* re-initialize cipher for decryption */
    status = cipher_init(c, test_case->key, direction_decrypt);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    }

    /* copy ciphertext into test buffer */
    if (test_case->ciphertext_length_octets > SELF_TEST_BUF_OCTETS) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);    
      return err_status_bad_param;
    }
    for (i=0; i < test_case->ciphertext_length_octets; i++)
      buffer[i] = test_case->ciphertext[i];

    debug_print(mod_cipher, "ciphertext:    %s",
            octet_string_hex_string(buffer,
                              test_case->plaintext_length_octets));

    /* set the initialization vector */
    status = cipher_set_iv(c, test_case->idx);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    } 
    
    /* decrypt */
    len = test_case->ciphertext_length_octets;
    status = cipher_decrypt(c, buffer, &len);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    }
    
    debug_print(mod_cipher, "plaintext:   %s",
           octet_string_hex_string(buffer,
                             test_case->plaintext_length_octets));

    /* compare the resulting plaintext with that in the test case */
    if (len != test_case->plaintext_length_octets)
      return err_status_algo_fail;
    status = err_status_ok;
    for (i=0; i < test_case->plaintext_length_octets; i++)
      if (buffer[i] != test_case->plaintext[i]) {
      status = err_status_algo_fail;
      debug_print(mod_cipher, "test case %d failed", case_num);
      debug_print(mod_cipher, "(failure at byte %d)", i);
      }
    if (status) {

      debug_print(mod_cipher, "p computed: %s",
           octet_string_hex_string(buffer,
              2*test_case->plaintext_length_octets));
      debug_print(mod_cipher, "p expected: %s",
              octet_string_hex_string(test_case->plaintext,
                    2*test_case->plaintext_length_octets));

      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return err_status_algo_fail;
    }

    /* deallocate the cipher */
    status = cipher_dealloc(c);
    if (status)
      return status;
    
    /* 
     * the cipher passed the test case, so move on to the next test
     * case in the list; if NULL, we'l proceed to the next test
     */   
    test_case = test_case->next_test_case;
    ++case_num;
  }
  
  /* now run some random invertibility tests */

  /* allocate cipher, using paramaters from the first test case */
  test_case = test_data;
  status = cipher_type_alloc(ct, &c, test_case->key_length_octets);
  if (status)
      return status;
  
  rand_source_init();
  
  for (j=0; j < NUM_RAND_TESTS; j++) {
    unsigned length;
    int plaintext_len;
    uint8_t key[MAX_KEY_LEN];
    uint8_t  iv[MAX_KEY_LEN];

    /* choose a length at random (leaving room for IV and padding) */
    length = rand() % (SELF_TEST_BUF_OCTETS - 64);
    debug_print(mod_cipher, "random plaintext length %d\n", length);
    status = rand_source_get_octet_string(buffer, length);
    if (status) return status;

    debug_print(mod_cipher, "plaintext:    %s",
            octet_string_hex_string(buffer, length));

    /* copy plaintext into second buffer */
    for (i=0; (unsigned int)i < length; i++)
      buffer2[i] = buffer[i];
    
    /* choose a key at random */
    if (test_case->key_length_octets > MAX_KEY_LEN)
      return err_status_cant_check;
    status = rand_source_get_octet_string(key, test_case->key_length_octets);
    if (status) return status;

   /* chose a random initialization vector */
    status = rand_source_get_octet_string(iv, MAX_KEY_LEN);
    if (status) return status;
        
    /* initialize cipher */
    status = cipher_init(c, key, direction_encrypt);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    }

    /* set initialization vector */
    status = cipher_set_iv(c, test_case->idx);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    } 

    /* encrypt buffer with cipher */
    plaintext_len = length;
    status = cipher_encrypt(c, buffer, &length);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    }
    debug_print(mod_cipher, "ciphertext:   %s",
            octet_string_hex_string(buffer, length));

    /* 
     * re-initialize cipher for decryption, re-set the iv, then
     * decrypt the ciphertext
     */
    status = cipher_init(c, key, direction_decrypt);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    }
    status = cipher_set_iv(c, test_case->idx);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    } 
    status = cipher_decrypt(c, buffer, &length);
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return status;
    }    

    debug_print(mod_cipher, "plaintext[2]: %s",
            octet_string_hex_string(buffer, length));    

    /* compare the resulting plaintext with the original one */
    if (length != plaintext_len)
      return err_status_algo_fail;
    status = err_status_ok;
    for (i=0; i < plaintext_len; i++)
      if (buffer[i] != buffer2[i]) {
      status = err_status_algo_fail;
      debug_print(mod_cipher, "random test case %d failed", case_num);
      debug_print(mod_cipher, "(failure at byte %d)", i);
      }
    if (status) {
      cipher_dealloc(c);
      return err_status_algo_fail;
    }
        
  }

  status = cipher_dealloc(c);
  if (status)
    return status;

  return err_status_ok;
}


/* 
 * cipher_type_self_test(ct) performs cipher_type_test on ct's internal
 * list of test data.
 */

err_status_t
cipher_type_self_test(const cipher_type_t *ct) {
  return cipher_type_test(ct, ct->test_data);
}

/*
 * cipher_bits_per_second(c, l, t) computes (an estimate of) the
 * number of bits that a cipher implementation can encrypt in a second
 * 
 * c is a cipher (which MUST be allocated and initialized already), l
 * is the length in octets of the test data to be encrypted, and t is
 * the number of trials
 *
 * if an error is encountered, the value 0 is returned
 */

uint64_t
cipher_bits_per_second(cipher_t *c, int octets_in_buffer, int num_trials) {
  int i;
  v128_t nonce;
  clock_t timer;
  unsigned char *enc_buf;
  unsigned int len = octets_in_buffer;

  enc_buf = (unsigned char*) crypto_alloc(octets_in_buffer);
  if (enc_buf == NULL)
    return 0;  /* indicate bad parameters by returning null */
  
  /* time repeated trials */
  v128_set_to_zero(&nonce);
  timer = clock();
  for(i=0; i < num_trials; i++, nonce.v32[3] = i) {
    cipher_set_iv(c, &nonce);
    cipher_encrypt(c, enc_buf, &len);
  }
  timer = clock() - timer;

  crypto_free(enc_buf);

  if (timer == 0) {
    /* Too fast! */
    return 0;
  }
  
  return (uint64_t)CLOCKS_PER_SEC * num_trials * 8 * octets_in_buffer / timer;
}

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index