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rdbx.c
/*
 * rdbx.c
 *
 * a replay database with extended range, using a rollover counter
 *
 * David A. McGrew
 * Cisco Systems, Inc.
 */

/*
 *    
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2006, Cisco Systems, Inc.
 * All rights reserved.
 * 
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 
 *   Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *   notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 
 *   Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
 *   copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following
 *   disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
 *   with the distribution.
 * 
 *   Neither the name of the Cisco Systems, Inc. nor the names of its
 *   contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *   from this software without specific prior written permission.
 * 
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * COPYRIGHT HOLDERS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
 * INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
 * (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
 * SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 */

#include "rdbx.h"


/*
 * from RFC 3711:
 *
 * A receiver reconstructs the index i of a packet with sequence
 *  number SEQ using the estimate
 *
 * i = 2^16 * v + SEQ,
 *
 * where v is chosen from the set { ROC-1, ROC, ROC+1 } such that i is
 * closest to the value 2^16 * ROC + s_l.  If the value r+1 is used,
 * then the rollover counter r in the cryptographic context is
 * incremented by one (if the packet containing s is authentic).
 */



/*
 * rdbx implementation notes
 *
 * A xtd_seq_num_t is essentially a sequence number for which some of
 * the data on the wire are implicit.  It logically consists of a
 * rollover counter and a sequence number; the sequence number is the
 * explicit part, and the rollover counter is the implicit part.
 *
 * Upon receiving a sequence_number (e.g. in a newly received SRTP
 * packet), the complete xtd_seq_num_t can be estimated by using a
 * local xtd_seq_num_t as a basis.  This is done using the function
 * index_guess(&local, &guess, seq_from_packet).  This function
 * returns the difference of the guess and the local value.  The local
 * xtd_seq_num_t can be moved forward to the guess using the function
 * index_advance(&guess, delta), where delta is the difference.
 * 
 *
 * A rdbx_t consists of a xtd_seq_num_t and a bitmask.  The index is highest
 * sequence number that has been received, and the bitmask indicates
 * which of the recent indicies have been received as well.  The
 * highest bit in the bitmask corresponds to the index in the bitmask.
 */


void
index_init(xtd_seq_num_t *pi) {
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  *pi = make64(0,0);
#else
  *pi = 0;
#endif
}

void
index_advance(xtd_seq_num_t *pi, sequence_number_t s) {
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  /* a > ~b means a+b will generate a carry */
  /* s is uint16 here */
  *pi = make64(high32(*pi) + (s > ~low32(*pi) ? 1 : 0),low32(*pi) + s);
#else
  *pi += s;
#endif
}


/*
 * index_guess(local, guess, s)
 * 
 * given a xtd_seq_num_t local (which represents the last
 * known-to-be-good received xtd_seq_num_t) and a sequence number s
 * (from a newly arrived packet), sets the contents of *guess to
 * contain the best guess of the packet index to which s corresponds,
 * and returns the difference between *guess and *local
 *
 * nota bene - the output is a signed integer, DON'T cast it to a
 * unsigned integer!  
 */

int
index_guess(const xtd_seq_num_t *local,
               xtd_seq_num_t *guess,
               sequence_number_t s) {
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  uint32_t local_roc = ((high32(*local) << 16) |
                                    (low32(*local) >> 16));
  uint16_t local_seq = (uint16_t) (low32(*local));
#else
  uint32_t local_roc = (uint32_t)(*local >> 16);
  uint16_t local_seq = (uint16_t) *local;
#endif
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  uint32_t guess_roc = ((high32(*guess) << 16) |
                                    (low32(*guess) >> 16));
  uint16_t guess_seq = (uint16_t) (low32(*guess));
#else
  uint32_t guess_roc = (uint32_t)(*guess >> 16);
  uint16_t guess_seq = (uint16_t) *guess;  
#endif
  int difference;
  
  if (local_seq < seq_num_median) {
    if (s - local_seq > seq_num_median) {
      guess_roc = local_roc - 1;
      difference = seq_num_max - s + local_seq;
    } else {
      guess_roc = local_roc;
      difference = s - local_seq;
    }
  } else {
    if (local_seq - seq_num_median > s) {
      guess_roc = local_roc+1;
      difference = seq_num_max - local_seq + s;
    } else {
      difference = s - local_seq;
      guess_roc = local_roc;
    }
  }
  guess_seq = s;
  
  /* Note: guess_roc is 32 bits, so this generates a 48-bit result! */
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  *guess = make64(guess_roc >> 16,
                          (guess_roc << 16) | guess_seq);
#else
  *guess = (((uint64_t) guess_roc) << 16) | guess_seq;
#endif

  return difference;
}

/*
 * rdbx
 *
 */


/*
 *  rdbx_init(&r, ws) initializes the rdbx_t pointed to by r with window size ws
 */

err_status_t
rdbx_init(rdbx_t *rdbx, unsigned long ws) {
  if (ws == 0)
    return err_status_bad_param;

  if (bitvector_alloc(&rdbx->bitmask, ws) != 0)
    return err_status_alloc_fail;

  index_init(&rdbx->index);

  return err_status_ok;
}

/*
 *  rdbx_dealloc(&r) frees memory for the rdbx_t pointed to by r
 */

err_status_t
rdbx_dealloc(rdbx_t *rdbx) {
  bitvector_dealloc(&rdbx->bitmask);

  return err_status_ok;
}

/*
 * rdbx_set_roc(rdbx, roc) initalizes the rdbx_t at the location rdbx
 * to have the rollover counter value roc.  If that value is less than
 * the current rollover counter value, then the function returns
 * err_status_replay_old; otherwise, err_status_ok is returned.
 * 
 */

err_status_t
rdbx_set_roc(rdbx_t *rdbx, uint32_t roc) {
  bitvector_set_to_zero(&rdbx->bitmask);

#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  #error not yet implemented
#else

  /* make sure that we're not moving backwards */
  if (roc < (rdbx->index >> 16))
    return err_status_replay_old;

  rdbx->index &= 0xffff;   /* retain lowest 16 bits */
  rdbx->index |= ((uint64_t)roc) << 16;  /* set ROC */
#endif

  return err_status_ok;
}

/*
 * rdbx_get_packet_index(rdbx) returns the value of the packet index
 * for the rdbx_t pointed to by rdbx
 * 
 */

xtd_seq_num_t
rdbx_get_packet_index(const rdbx_t *rdbx) {
  return rdbx->index;   
}

/*
 * rdbx_get_window_size(rdbx) returns the value of the window size
 * for the rdbx_t pointed to by rdbx
 * 
 */

unsigned long
rdbx_get_window_size(const rdbx_t *rdbx) {
  return bitvector_get_length(&rdbx->bitmask);
}

/*
 * rdbx_check(&r, delta) checks to see if the xtd_seq_num_t
 * which is at rdbx->index + delta is in the rdb
 */

err_status_t
rdbx_check(const rdbx_t *rdbx, int delta) {
  
  if (delta > 0) {       /* if delta is positive, it's good */
    return err_status_ok;
  } else if ((int)(bitvector_get_length(&rdbx->bitmask) - 1) + delta < 0) {   
                         /* if delta is lower than the bitmask, it's bad */
    return err_status_replay_old; 
  } else if (bitvector_get_bit(&rdbx->bitmask, 
                         (int)(bitvector_get_length(&rdbx->bitmask) - 1) + delta) == 1) {
                         /* delta is within the window, so check the bitmask */
    return err_status_replay_fail;    
  }
 /* otherwise, the index is okay */

  return err_status_ok; 
}

/*
 * rdbx_add_index adds the xtd_seq_num_t at rdbx->window_start + d to
 * replay_db (and does *not* check if that xtd_seq_num_t appears in db)
 *
 * this function should be called only after replay_check has
 * indicated that the index does not appear in the rdbx, e.g., a mutex
 * should protect the rdbx between these calls if need be
 */

err_status_t
rdbx_add_index(rdbx_t *rdbx, int delta) {
  
  if (delta > 0) {
    /* shift forward by delta */
    index_advance(&rdbx->index, delta);
    bitvector_left_shift(&rdbx->bitmask, delta);
    bitvector_set_bit(&rdbx->bitmask, bitvector_get_length(&rdbx->bitmask) - 1);
  } else {
    /* delta is in window */
    bitvector_set_bit(&rdbx->bitmask, bitvector_get_length(&rdbx->bitmask) -1 + delta);
  }

  /* note that we need not consider the case that delta == 0 */
  
  return err_status_ok;
}



/*
 * rdbx_estimate_index(rdbx, guess, s)
 * 
 * given an rdbx and a sequence number s (from a newly arrived packet),
 * sets the contents of *guess to contain the best guess of the packet
 * index to which s corresponds, and returns the difference between
 * *guess and the locally stored synch info
 */

int
rdbx_estimate_index(const rdbx_t *rdbx,
                xtd_seq_num_t *guess,
                sequence_number_t s) {

  /*
   * if the sequence number and rollover counter in the rdbx are
   * non-zero, then use the index_guess(...) function, otherwise, just
   * set the rollover counter to zero (since the index_guess(...)
   * function might incorrectly guess that the rollover counter is
   * 0xffffffff)
   */

#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  /* seq_num_median = 0x8000 */
  if (high32(rdbx->index) > 0 ||
        low32(rdbx->index) > seq_num_median)
#else
  if (rdbx->index > seq_num_median)
#endif
    return index_guess(&rdbx->index, guess, s);
  
#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  *guess = make64(0,(uint32_t) s);
#else  
  *guess = s;
#endif

#ifdef NO_64BIT_MATH
  return s - (uint16_t) low32(rdbx->index);
#else
  return s - (uint16_t) rdbx->index;
#endif
}

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